When Preaching Feels Like Running in Sand

Those of you with kids already understand what this blog post is about. Have you ever been to dinner with your kids and one of them wanders away from the table? It happens all of the time. Your child (or children) wander off from the table and make their way to the busiest part of the restaurant where waiters/waitresses are buzzing around to serve guests. You see this and begin to call them, "Johnny! Come back here!" 

Little Johnny turns around and you can see his mind-wheels turning. "I'm free," he thinks. "Do I want to go back to the table? Of course not. But Dad has commanded me to." While Johnny is in deep thought Dad makes another command, "Johnny, come back here right now." Johnny slowly turns away from his Dad. That second command confirmed one thing in Johnny's mind: "I'm doing the opposite of whatever Dad tells me to do. I'm free!" If Johnny was your kid, you know what happens next. He either stands still, not returning but afraid to go further. Or he just keeps going further!

In this scenario, Dad is right in calling his son to come back. We all know what happens next. Dad gets up and goes and picks Johnny up, forcing him to come back to the table. There is no other option. He needs to protect Johnny and Johnny doesn't know what is best for him.

If Dad is really in tune with what just happened, he realizes that his commands to return actually provoked Johnny to not return. Parents experience this all the time. It does not mean they should not command their kids to do certain things. It just means commands often accomplish the opposite of what we want. That is why when our kids are little we sometimes have to forcibly pick them up and carry them back to safety.

You may not realize it yet, but your preaching may be a lot like this all-too-real illustration. Could it be that your preaching is accomplishing the opposite of what you want? You want your church to be holy as God is holy, to love each other, to be on mission, and to worship God with all their hearts. In order to see that dream become a reality, you call them to those things. "Church, be holy. Love each other. Worship God with all you are." These calls characterize your whole preaching ministry. The goal is holy living and the tool is commands to live holy.

But you notice your church is not progressing quite like you think they should. If you're honest, you are not progressing like you think you should. Why is that? Why are the calls to holy living and neighbor loving not bringing forth holy living and neighbor loving? Well, think about your parenting. Why is it that commanding your kids to do something sometimes results in the opposite? Why is it that the famous Dad-lecture does not carry the power you wish it did? Why is it that sometimes commands to do something sometimes even provoke the opposite lifestyle of the command?

The short and sweet answer: commands do not have the power to change us. If they did, marriages would never fail. When a husband seems to be letting go of his love for his wife, all she would have to do is look at him in the face and say, "Love me!" and, magically, his heart would be filled with love for her. When a child is doing something she shouldn't do, all her mother or father would have to do is say, "Obey me," and at once the child would obey her parents perfectly.

But that is not how commands work, even God's commands in the Bible. The Bible contains many commands from God that we are accountable to live by. Yet, not only do we often disobey God, His commands even provoke us to want to disobey just for the sake of disobedience. We think obedience is slavery and thus we must disobey, no matter what, to be free! We are all little-Johnny's. We are the problem.

This is why the effect of a preaching ministry that solely challenges, commands, and calls listeners to action by way of God's Law or even a preaching ministry that majors on God's Law above all else actually produces the opposite of the desired effect. This is why preachers who major on the Law, rather than the Gospel, feel like preaching is running in sand.

God's Law does not bring about heart-change, making listeners love God and neighbor. "The Law reveals guilt, fills the conscience with terror, and drives me to despair" (Martin Luther). A weekly majoring on the Law or exclusive law-preaching will exhaust and provoke listeners (including the preacher). Reflecting on his earlier preaching, which he felt accomplished the exact opposite of what he wanted, Bryan Chapell says, "Week after week, I told imperfect people in my church to 'do better.' But this drumbeat for improvement, devoid of the encouragements and empowerments of grace, actually undermined the holiness that I was seeking to exhort. When God's people hear only the imperatives of the Word, they are forced to conclude that their righteousness is a product of their efforts" (XI).

Your law-heavy sermons, devoid of majoring on the gospel or preaching the gospel at all, are not accomplishing what you want. A law-centered preaching ministry does one of two things: it provokes listeners further into disobedience or it produces self-righteous listeners who think they have no need for a Savior.

If the Bible only contained the Law, we would all be doomed. We would continue to do what we have done ever since the Law was given: rebel. Adam and Eve rebelled, Israel rebelled, and you and I rebel. But the Bible contains a better word. A word that saves us and sanctifies us. The Law shows us our need, the Gospel provides our necessary Savior. The Law shows us how to live, the Gospel changes our hearts to want to live according to the Law (though still significantly short of the glory of God until glory). 

Your listeners need a preacher who majors on the Gospel. Your listeners need a preacher who gives them Good News continually. They need to hear that they are not saved by their strict obedience. They need to hear that God loves them on the basis of Christ, not their holy living. They need to hear how to live godly lives but they need to hear that God loves and has mercy on the ungodly.

Beat the drum of the gospel over and over and you might just find that your listeners will want to live according to the Law.  

 

Preaching: To Challenge or Comfort?

There is a certain weightiness to the word "bacon" these days and it's for good reason. If bacon is in a meal, it is regularly the dominate taste. It is the x-factor. Bacon is not an ingredient among others. It is the ingredient all others try to point to. When included, recipes often revolve around the taste of bacon. And bacon is not just enjoyed in the moment. The lingering taste of bacon in your mouth can hardly be beat. 

This may not have been taught in your homiletics classes in seminary, but the gospel is often to preaching, or always to preaching, what bacon is to eating. Can you imagine if your sermons were so sweet to the taste that listeners wanted to savor the lingering taste for as long as possible? To most preachers, listeners longing to hear them preach and savoring their sermons seems like a reality that is just too good to be true. But it's not. You do not have to be a masterful communicator to make listeners look forward to your preaching and savor it when it's done.

Every sermon leaves a taste in the mouth of a listener. In the preaching world we most often talk about whether or not content is memorable. Will listeners remember your second main-point? Will listeners remember the call to action at the end of the sermon? And on and on we wonder. Rarely do we talk about what listeners can't help but remember: the way your sermon made them feel; its taste in their mouths.

By "feel" we are not implying there is inherent value in the emotion a sermon conjures up. You can make people mad, sad, or happy with content that has nothing to do with the Bible. Emotional shifts are not the goal but are an effect. We are merely using "feelings" as a starting point to really talk about content, so bear with us. The reality is that listeners may often can recall how your sermon made them "feel" rather quickly. It is normal that listeners cannot quickly recall what the sermon was about last Sunday. Heck, even you, the preacher, can't remember. But if you ask listeners how it made them feel or what it "tasted" like, they might be able to remember. 

Now, there are two basic ways listeners will feel after a sermon. They will either feel challenged or comforted. By challenged, we mean listeners will sense, taste, or feel called to action by the preacher's message. The lingering taste will be about accepting a challenge, getting something done, becoming someone new, or living in a new way. Many (probably most) preachers see "challenging" their listeners as the primary purpose of their preaching. The pulpit exists to explain who listeners should be or what they should do. Listeners are called to have affection for Jesus, love others, and/or behave according to God's Law. These challenging sermons can be Christ-centered or not, but they are still about challenging listeners. 

By comforted, we mean listeners will sense, taste, or feel relieved by the preacher's message. The lingering taste will not be about accepting a challenge, getting something done, becoming someone new, or living in a new way. The lingering taste will be about accepting an accomplished reality outside of them. The lingering taste will not be one of a soldier who just received new marching orders but a townsperson who just heard that the soldiers won and the war is over.

Most preachers see their job as either challenging or comforting listeners. Preaching is either about marching orders or news that the war is over. What do you think? Why do you preach? What's your goal every Sunday? The real question is, what is the Bible's goal?

The Bible contains both calls to action and good news that the war is over; challenge and comfort; law and gospel. God's Law calls us to be certain people, do certain things, abstain from certain things, etc. This Law is for every single human being, Christian or not. We all must answer to the Law. If you see your main job on Sunday as challenging listeners to be, do, and abstain, you major on the Law.

God's Gospel comforts. It does not challenge us to be, do, or abstain. The Law makes clear that no single human begin, outside of Jesus Christ, obeys the Law. The Gospel makes clear the comforting reality that Jesus Christ obeyed the Law for us. If the Bible only contained the Law, we would all be doomed, damned, and without hope. But praise God, the Bible has another word, a piece of news for us. The war has been won! Jesus Christ has paid the price for our sin and there is nothing left for us to do. If you see your main job on Sunday as comforting listeners, you major on the Gospel. 

So, should you major on challenging or comforting? 

Well, the Bible majors on comforting. Both the word of the Law and the word of the Gospel are equally God's Word. However, as God's words they do totally different things. The Law guides us in how to live but because we fail it, it condemns us. Not only that, in our failure to do the Law, the Law offers no power to change us into the kind of people who can begin to obey its commands. The Law can't save us or change us. A preaching ministry that majors on the law majors on a word that continually condemns and leaves that taste as the dominant taste in listeners' mouths, week after week.

Listeners need to hear preaching that majors on a "better word" (Heb. 12:24). We need a "new" word; a "new covenant". We need a word of "life", not "death" (2 Cor. 3:6-7). Ultimately, the Bible is about a war being won and all of us being invited to join the party, drink the wine, and sleep well. When we see we are condemned in the sight of the Law, the Bible offers us a Gospel, leaving a good taste in our mouths. 

The Gospel is not majored on to the exclusion of the Law. The Law is needed to drive us to the Gospel and to guide us in life. However, the Law is not the point of the Bible. If you challenge your listeners, you need to comfort your listeners. Jesus Christ and His finished work is the point of the Bible. Listeners need the Good News week after week. When you give it to them, they will live secure in the love and grace of God and will actually be changed, if ever so slowly, by the better word of the Gospel.

 

Is It Really "All About Jesus"? (Pt. 2)

The phrase, "It's all about Jesus" is used a lot these days. Another common phrase is, "gospel-centered". What do these phrases really mean? They are used by many different preachers whose preaching ministries can sometimes be significantly different in consistent message and emphasis. At the heart of the meaning is often the confession that the Bible is all about Jesus. Preachers might say things like, "The Bible is all about Jesus, not just a bunch of rules" or, "The Bible and all of life is gospel-centered."

So, what does "It's all about Jesus" mean? For starters, it means the whole Bible revolves around Jesus. In order to not oversimplify that, we should say this does not mean when studying the Bible you should ignore the original meaning of a particular text that was written in a particular time for a particular people. It does mean, however, that at all times one should keep the broader biblical story in mind. Every single verse and passage and book lays in the grand story that is "all about Jesus". Every word of our Bibles is "all about Jesus".

With that being said, what does "It's all about Jesus" mean? For one person, "It's all about Jesus" means life is all about being like Jesus. For another person, "It's all about Jesus" means life is all about believing in Jesus. Yet for another person, "It's all about Jesus" means life is all about being on mission to make Jesus known to non-Christians.

If you agree that the Bible is "all about Jesus", there are two basic meanings someone could have when using that phrase. For preaching purposes, it means when preaching from the Bible there are two basic ways sermons will be shaped by how one understands that phrase.

On the one hand, "It's all about Jesus" can mean the Bible is all about us living for, obeying, worshiping, praying to, telling others about, and loving Jesus. Rather than merely talking about being a good person and doing the right thing, this approach says we ought to be good people and do the right thing for Jesus' sake, glory, and honor; maybe it even emphasizes we become better people and do good things by Jesus' present power in us. So where is the emphasis here? 

To sum it up, this first approach says the Bible is all about...us...living for Jesus. Sermons shaped by this understanding will have as their constant focus, continuous emphasis, and major theme the lives of listeners. Listeners will continually here about all they should be and do in order to make much of Jesus. "It's all about Jesus" means "It's all about you living for Jesus".

On the other hand, "It's all about Jesus" can mean something totally different, something we will argue is more true to what the Bible is actually about. This second understanding says the Bible is all about Jesus' life, His living, His dying, His rising, and His ascending. This approach says the Bible points to, emphasizes, creatively repeats, and continuously fills out a story that is not about you, but Someone else. This understanding says the Bible is about something that is already done, not something you need to do; it is about Someone else and things done by that Someone else. 

After His resurrection Jesus spoke with two disciples who did not understand what the Bible (the Old Testament) was about. "And he said to them, 'O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?' And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself" (Luke 24:25-27). Jesus goes through all the Scriptures, showing how they point to His life, death, and resurrection. Where is this emphasis?

When Paul described his ministry to the Corinthians he climactically said, "For I decided to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ and him crucified" (1 Cor. 2:2). The emphasis is obvious here.

When talking about his daily life, Paul said, "...And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me" (Gal. 2:20). The emphasis here is not on Paul doing anything but rather continually resting in what has been done for him (and for you). The focus is Jesus, not Paul.

To sum it up, this second approach says the Bible is all about...Jesus...living, dying, and rising for us, to God's glory alone. Sermons shaped by this understanding will have as their constant focus, continuous emphasis, and major theme the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus. Listeners will continually hear about all that has been done for them by Jesus. "It's all about Jesus" means "It's all about Jesus for you, as a gracious gift".

The Bible really is all about Jesus. It is as simple as it sounds. Who we are and what we do is never enough. The Bible calls us sinners and that is bad news. Your listeners need to hear the bad news, that they are sinners. Christians need to be guided by God's Law and to be reminded that they are not enough; they haven't met God's standard. But they need a better, more powerful, final Word. They need the Gospel. The Gospel is what the Bible keeps coming back to, again and again. That means your sermons should too.